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Powders for 3D printing

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Additive technology is a process of a material synthesis layer by layer based on 3D model data. It received its name against subtractive technologies production technologies, particularly, machining. Advantages of additive technologies are enhanced characteristics of finished products, economy of raw material, an opportunity to produce items with a complex geometry.

Before researchers used to apply 3D printers for prototyping, but about 10 - 15 years ago the traditionally advanced industries, such as automotive, aerospace, instrument engineering and medicine started using these technologies actively. 

JSC POLEMA, being a leading producer of powder materials and products from them in Russia, is a perfect base for manufacturing innovative materials for 3D printing. It owns the following advantages:  

  • A reliable manufacturer of metal powders for 3D printing, MIM technologies that is certified by the Russian Export Center;
  • The factory’s competence: 60-year experience in production of metal powders
  • In-house Research Laboratory that guarantees use of the newest developments;
  • State support.

In 2018 the factory realized the project “Production of metal high-alloyed powders for weld-deposition, spraying and additive technologies”. 

POLEMA’s equipment stock is unique for Russia: an atomizer, sieving and air classifier and a spheroidizing unit are set at the metal powders production site. The up-to-date equipment allowed us to expand the variety of manufactured powders and to enhance their quality.

 

You can see more information on production process and take a look at the list of powders for 3D printing produced by our company in our presentation.

 Chemical composition of mass produced powders for 3D printing      

GradeAnalogsFeCCoCrNiCuMoNbTi
Chemical composition
Steels
AP-Cr18Ni9   base < 0.12 - 16.00-20.00 8.00-11.00 - - - -
AP-Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb 15-5PH    
DIN 1.4540
base < 0.07 - 14.00-15.50 3.50-5.50 2.50-4.50 < 0.50 0.15-0.45 -
AP-03Cr17Ni12Mo2 AISI 316L
DIN 1.4404
base <0.030 - 16.00-18.00 10.00-14.00 - 2.00-3.00 - -
AP-07Cr18Ni12Mo2 AISI 316S DIN1.4401 base <0.07 - 16.00-18.00 10.00-14.00 - 2.00-3.00 - -
AP-Cr16Ni4Cu4Nb 17-4PH
DIN 1.4542
base < 0.07 - 15.00-17.50 3.00-5.00 3.00-5.00 < 0.50 0.15-0.45 -
AP-12Cr18Ni10Ti AISI 321
DIN 1.4541
base < 0.12 - 16.00-20.00 9.00-12.00 - - 0.40-1.00
AP-09Cr16Ni4Nb   base 0.08-0.12 - 15.00-16.50 4.00-4.50 - - 0.05-0.15 -
AP-08Cr15Ni5CuTi EP410 base <0.080 - 14.00-16.00 4.00-6.00 1.00-2.00 -   0.05-0.15
AP-11Cr11Ni2W2MoV EI962 base 0.09-0.13 - 10.50-12.00 1.50-1.80 - 0.35-0.50 - -
Heat-resistant alloys
AP-08CrNi53BMoTiAl Inconel 718 bal. <0.08 < 1.0 17.0-21.0 base < 0.35 2.8-3.3 4.75-5.50 0.65-1.15
AP-CrNi63Mo9Nb Inconel 625 <5.00 <0.10 <0.50 20.00-23.00 base - 8.00-10.00 3.15-4.15 <0.40
AP-CrNi60WMoTiAlNb Inconel 738 <0.50 0.15-0.20 8.00-9.00 15.70-16.30 base - 1.50-2.00 0.60-1.10 3.20-3.70
AP-CrNi47Mo9CoWTi Inconel HX 17.00-20.00 0.05-0.15 0.50 – 2.50 20.50 – 23.00 base - 8.00-10.00 - 0.10- 0.50
AP-CrNi55W5MoBTiAl EP648 < 4.00 < 0.10 - 32.00-35.00 base - 2.30-3.30 0.50-1.10  
ПР-ХН45МВТЮБР EP718 - < 0.10 - 14.00-16.00 base - 4.00-5.20 0.50-1.10 1.80-2.40
ПР-ХН51КВМТЮБ EP741NP <0.50 0.02-0.06 15.00-16.50 8.00-10.00 base - 3.50-4.20 2.40-2.80 1.60-2.00
AP-CrNi58MoNbAl EК171 < 3.00 <0.08 - 26.00-28.00 base - 7.00-8.00 2.70-3.40 -
AP-CrNi78Ti EI435 < 1.00 <0.12 - 19.00-22.00 base < 0.10 - - 0.15-0.35
AP-CrNi50CoWMoTiAlNb VV750P <0.50 0.03-0.08 14.00-16.00 9.00-11.00 base - 3.00-3.60 1.60-2.00 3.50-3.90
Grade Analogs Fe C Co Cr Ni Cu Mo Zr
Chemical composition
Cobalt-based alloys
AP-CoCr28Mo6 UNS 31537 / МP1 <0.75  <0.16 base 26.0-30.0 <0.10   5.0-7.0 -
Bronze alloys
CuCr - < 0.35 - - 0.7-0.95 < 0.05 base - -
CuCrZr - < 0.4 - - 0.50-1.50 <1.00 base - 0.08-0.20

Grain size: 20-45, 20-56, 20-63, 40-80, 40-100, 56-150 mkm. Other sizes are possible on request.